Before starting to know what the different types of Witches are, let’s clarify what Witchcraft actually is.
Since there is often confusion on this topic, we specify that Witchcraft is not necessarily connected to a single and specific religion or tradition, but is nothing more than the set of knowledge and magical practices that a Witch uses. In fact, in Witchcraft, it is possible to believe in a God or a Goddess, in both, in several Gods, or in nothing and nobody.
Therefore, since Witchcraft is mainly a practice, we will see below in this sort of “glossary” which are the best-known paths of Witchcraft. There are many different types of Witchcraft, obviously many more than those you will read here, whether they come from more ancient practices, or the more modern ones and in continuous growth or change.
A Glossary of different types of Witches
Those who refer to “ancient” Witchcraft, from old customs, from popular legends, from “old” traditions, from historical notes, from ancestors.
Those who take inspiration and include in their practice different customs from different currents and traditions, including religious ones.
Those who choose to practice Witchcraft alone, unlike those who decide to practice within a coven.
Those who were born into a family of Witches and to whom their knowledge about Witchcraft is passed down from generation to generation.
Those who prefer the ritual aspect of Witchcraft and therefore often make use of magical practices.
Those who include the energies and magic of the Elements as the basis of their practice: Fire, Water, Earth, Air.
This “category” includes the “subtypes” of Witches such as the Fire Witches, Water Witches (and Sea Witches), Earth Witches (and Green Witches), Air Witches, those who work with a specific element.
Those who base their practice on the sea and its natural resources, as well as on the energy of the Moon which also influences the tides.
Those who practice their Witchcraft at home using the power and energy of their tools and food in the kitchen, but also during the housework.
Those who use the energies and power of crystals for their magical and healing practices.
Those who take inspiration from the stars and celestial energies, including astronomy and astrology in their practice.
This “category” includes the “subtypes” of Witches such as the Lunar Witches, Solar Witches, Stellar Witches, Planetary Witches, those who work with a specific “astronomical body”.
Those who base their practice on the energy of the Moon and its lunar phases and cycles.
Those who base their practice through the use of divination and divination tools, such as tarot cards, runes, crystal spheres or mirrors, and more.
Those who base their practice on a set of knowledge, beliefs, practices, magical-ritual techniques to enter an altered state of consciousness.
Those who base their practice on supernatural forces (spirits of the departed and ancestors) and work through the use of herbs and traditional ingredients (including bones, personal items and body fluids).
Those who base their practice on spirituality: the “hedge” is a symbol of the “veil” that separates the physical and earthly world from the spiritual world.
Those who base their practice on the folklore, on customs and traditions, on popular legends, on magical or religious or spiritual beliefs, on the history of their people and territory.
This “category” includes the “subtype” of Witches such as the Faery Witches.
Those who include in their practice the magic of the fairy people and the spirits of nature.
What we have read so far are some branches of Witchcraft intended as a real practice.
In the introduction to this article, we learned that Witchcraft and religion are not closely related to each other. However, some Witches, in addition to their practice and the path they have chosen to take, may also follow a specific tradition, or religious or spiritual belief.
So let’s find out below what are the other types of Witches among the best known and what are their religious currents or the traditions to which they belong and which also include magical practices.
Obviously, as in the previous list, there are many others than those written there.
Those who follow the ancient pagan or primitive cults, generally pre-Christian.
Those who follow the new forms of worship of modern paganism, for example Wicca.
Those who follow the neo-pagan religion of Wicca, introduced by Gerald Gardner. Its tradition, in particular, is called “Gardernian Wicca”.
Another famous current of Wicca is the “Alexandrian Wicca” which is a tradition founded by Alex and Maxine Sanders. A more modern current of Wicca is the “Seax Wicca”, founded by Raymond Buckland.
Wicca is perhaps the most famous religious movement in Witchcraft and for this reason it has many lineages around the world. All of them honor the divine masculine, “the God”, and the divine feminine, “the Goddess”.
Those who follow the Dianic Witchcraft, a current that derives from Wicca and which takes its name from the Goddess Diana. This tradition mainly honors female deities.
Eclectic or Neo Wiccan
Those who do not follow any particular Wicca tradition, but practice their personal and individual versions.
Those who honor the Gods and Goddesses of the Greek pantheon and who follow ancient Greek mythology, folklore, cults and rituals.
Those who honor the Gods and Goddesses of the Celtic pantheon and who follow ancient Celtic mythology, folklore, cults and rituals.
Those who honor the Gods and Goddesses of the Norse pantheon and who follow ancient Norse mythology, folklore, cults and rituals.
Egyptian or Kemetic Witch
Those who honor the Gods and Goddesses of the Egyptian pantheon and who follow ancient Egyptian mythology, folklore, cults and rituals.
Those who honor and base their practice by honoring and working with the energy of Angels.
Those who honor and base their practice by honoring and working with their God Lucifer, not intended as the Devil but rather as a bearer of light.
Those who believe and perceive living energy everywhere and do not distinguish between living beings, humans, animals, plants or material physical objects.
Those who follow the cults, traditions and customs of the ancient Druids and are mainly based on the Celtic Nordic religion.
Those who base their practice following the different traditions and customs of Witchcraft of the Italian peninsula, from the oldest to the most modern.
The traditions that are perhaps the most followed and known of Italian Witchcraft are those belonging to ancient Rome and the pre-Christian Roman Empire.
Those who base their practice following the different traditions and customs of Witchcraft in Hispanic and Latin/Indian American countries, from the oldest to the most modern.
Each country has its own traditions and beliefs, such as those of Asia or Africa, the Baltic or Australian countries and so on.
I would like to point out that in this small glossary we have listed only the most renowned and best known practices, traditions and current religions in the world of Witchcraft.
Nothing prevents you from doing your own research to learn something new or to deepen what you have already read and what interests you more than something else. We wanted to give you a starting point, but there are many roads and paths that you can take and that you will come across during your journey in Witchcraft.
The world is full of magic, and Witchcraft is everywhere and is and will always be evolving.